Contrary to what may be considered common wisdom, tax law is not set in stone. It is updated on a regular basis as taxpayers and professionals struggle to keep up with it. Likewise, tax shelters are not illegal but can be legitimate ways to mitigate the impact of taxes upon a company's bottom line or on an individual taxpayer's bank account.
Our readers in the Bay Area are aware that there are many ways in which people can minimize current tax liabilities. There are also ways in which you can limit future tax liabilities. Occasionally there are ways in which you can do both.
Many of us in California have different types of investments, some of which are designed to minimize our tax liability. One of those is a tax-exempt bond. According to the Small Business Administration tax-exempt bonds are basically loans to a private business that are issued by the state or a local government. They are then re-sold on the open market. Interest income earned by the new bond owner, is exempt from state and local taxes, so the lender can pass those savings along in terms of lower interest rates.
In uncertain economic times, a business may hire independent contractors to perform certain jobs. The benefit to the company is that the work gets done, and the company is not committed to a long-term relationship with the worker. There are no benefits to be paid, and the worker can come and go as the need arises.